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Duke Ellington: The Complete 1932-1940 Brunswick, Columbia and Master Recordings of Duke Ellington and His Famous Orchestra

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Mosaic isn’t exactly mucking around on this gargantuan 11-disc set that essentially distills the first grand age of Ellingtonia into the contents of one box set. There would, of course, be other ages of comparable majesty, but this set represents the first full ripening of Ellington’s highly idiosyncratic and highly attuned big-band compositional style. In the whole of jazz there may be nothing that is so particular to a single individual as Ellington’s approach to writing. It is one thing to write songs that immediately become part of the popular culture, and another entirely to do so while writing for each individual member of an individual band, as Ellington does here.

A lot of these cuts were the hits of their day, and while it may seem odd to say that any artist could boast an 11-disc greatest-hits compilation, the idea really isn’t that novel once you sit down with this set. As always, Mosaic has scraped away decades of grime, and most cuts are now eminently crankable. Ellington was inextricable from the blues, and the multiple versions of “Blue Mood” attest to what he liked to do with it: liven it up with some crisp percussion from Sonny Greer and let Johnny Hodges blow his keening lines over the top, with his own piano chords serving as a kind of metronome beneath. Eventually, we find Ellington’s blues growing up into something more refined-and more like chamber music, but for the masses. Witness, then, “The New Black and Tan Fantasy” and a Barney Bigard clarinet line that is so high one could mistake it for feedback.

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