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Dizzy Gillespie: "Manteca" 
Dizzy Gillespie and His Orchestra: “Manteca” (RCA Victor, 1947)

Co-written by Gillespie and percussionist Chano Pozo, “Manteca” is the cornerstone of Latin jazz. The then-novel clave rhythms and bright, explosive timbre of the horns (especially Gillespie’s lead trumpet) make it sound primal and unpolished, like a tribal ritual. But make no mistake, this fusion of bebop and Afro-Cuban music is carefully plotted and as sophisticated as jazz gets. MICHAEL J. WEST

Learn more about “Manteca” on Amazon and Apple Music.