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Monterey Jazz Festival: Forty Legendary Years by William Minor

This authorized history of the Monterey Jazz Festival, while telling the story of a great event, also traces how jazz has changed, for better or for worse, since the 1950s. An appendix listing festival performances and performers from 1958 to 1997 underlines the drama of that change. Louis Armstrong, Dizzy Gillespie, Duke Ellington, Miles Davis, Dave Brubeck, Charles Mingus, Gerry Mulligan, Sarah Vaughan, Bill Evans and other major figures dominated the Fairgrounds in Monterey’s first years. They reflected the tastes not only of Jimmy Lyons and Ralph J. Gleason, who founded the festival, but of most listeners who took their music seriously even as they indulged in the party aspects of Monterey that helped make the festival so resounding a success.

Beginning in the1960s there was less agreement, even between Lyons and Gleason, about what constituted jazz and who was a jazz artist. And through the years, the number of undisputed giants declining, the Monterey Festival’s bookings reflected ambiguity as the producers fused rock and other offshoots into the mixture. The identity dilemma continues as Lyons’ successor Tim Jackson leads the festival toward a new century, balancing artistic imperatives with commercial demands.

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