Neuroscience will be the study of the neurological system, which includes the brain, spinal cord and nerves throughout the body. It is considered as a branch of biology. Yet, in recent years it has taken on other roles with links to chemistry, computer science, engineering, linguistics, mathematics, and medicine. We'll discuss this interesting field further and discuss some historical highlights concerning its study.
The formal study in the nervous system dates completely back to ancient Egypt. There is also evidence of trepanation, that was the surgical manner of drilling a hole in to the skull with the intent of curing headaches, various mental disorders or relieving cranial pressure. This dated back to Neolithic times and has also been in various cultures throughout history.
There's evidence in manuscripts dating from 1700BC that this Egyptians understood some of the symptoms of brain damage.
For quite a long while, many cultures considered that the heart was the middle of intelligence. But this notion started to be challenged in Ancient Greece. The doctor and scientist Hippocrates belief that the brain was not only involved in senses since many sensory organs were located near it but who's was also the seat of intelligence.
Plato also accepted the scene that the brain was the middle of intelligence although Aristotle held the belief that the heart was the biggest market of intelligence and that the mind primarily served for cooling the head.
This view was largely accepted before Roman physician Galen who was an acquaintance of Hippocrates noted that his patients lost a few of their mental faculties when they suffered a blow to the head or other brain damage.
There is evidence of medical problems, that had been attributed to the brain through the early Muslim world. A number of important European scientists including Vesalius and Rene Descartes during the early and late 1500's made important contributions to neuroscience research.
The invention with the microscope played a very important role in the study of brain tissue and nerve cells. A staining procedure produced by Camillo Golgi made it possible to discern extensive details inside the neurons such as ganglia, axons, and dendrites.
These studies played a significant role in the growth and development of the neuron doctrine which indicated that the most functional unit with the brain are the neurons.
This neuron doctrine was largely sustained by extensive studies using scientists throughout the world over decades. The study of neuroscience 101 continued to evolve with new techniques and complex equipment. It has helped to greatly improve our perception of the nervous system and will continue to increase our knowledge.
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